坦桑尼亞 
 

百廢待興的坦桑尼亞,居民普遍教育水平不高,入學率在東非甚至整個非洲均處於較低比例,坦尚尼亞2001年高等教育僅為0.27%,甚至少数民族、貨困孤兒及難民更是被完全排除在外。為了提升公平的受教權、增進大學預科教育,以及強化工作技能,我們參與當地組織ASASS志願服務,推勁「JOCEKI大學基金會」,縮短弱勢生與學校的距離,發展學校貸款及獎學金,預防學生輕學,並透過職業培訓、生涯教練等具體方式,為學生建造網絡,並建立一個安全的環境,鼓勵學員討論重要卻被傅統視為禁忌的話题,例如愛港病、計盡生育、殘疾就業、家庭暴力等議题,探討解決方案,為社區带來積極行勁。

University Foundation (UF) is very important for the generations and the nations.The poor level of education of people in Burundi and the low attendance to the tertiary education levels are two main routes of poverty, the conflicts, and human right violence. Insufficiency of higher education infrastructures makes children walk for a long distance,which makes them drop out school. Also, higher education is not affordable to the most vulnerable children - minorities, indigent or orphans, and refugees - lead to total exclusion. University Foundation is a solution; it seeks to reduce the distance to schools, to develop student loans and scholarships to prevent students from dropping out. It aims to improve access to quality education at all levels and produce qualified human resources to work not only in ASASS programmes but also serve the countries. Through scholarships, student loans.

  • 研究編號:S-18970HK〈勇往職前─台灣原住民就業困境之研究〉

  • 研究編號:Y-25684DY〈中、越、印三國新移民配偶對台灣認同價值之研究〉
    〈Investigation on the recognition values of new immigrants from China, Vietnam and Indonesia〉

  • 研究編號:D-34578UO《新二代不孤單─單親新住民子女之教育困境探討與對策》
    The discussion on the education of single-parent new residents families

  • 研究編號:K-45628SC〈Light up!親子教育可以不一樣〉
    〈Alternatives of educating children〉

  • 研究編號:J-26591SC〈從十二年國教政策執行反思台灣教育困境與對策〉
    〈Introspection on educational problems and solutions of Taiwan from practice of strategy to the twelve-year public education program〉

  • 研究編號:K-98502DL《人窮志不窮─經濟弱勢少年扮演雙重角色之社會發展面向》
    The research on the social development orientation of the dual role of economically disadvantaged youth

  • 研究編號:S-62597DF〈海峽兩岸經濟合作架構協議(ECFA)對台灣就業市場之衝擊〉
    〈The impact of Economic cooperation framework agreement (ECFA) to Taiwan employment〉

  • 研究編號:Y-18953EI〈後WTO時代台灣農業發展變遷與願景〉
    〈The changes and perspectives of Taiwan agricultures in pt-WTO era〉

  • 研究編號:G-24654BC《農業產銷班現況與發展策略》
    Agricultural Production And Marketing Group in Taiwan

  • 研究編號:U-23789KF〈台灣貧富差距現象成因與對策〉
    〈The reasons of disparity between the poor and the rich and related policies〉

  • 研究編號:P-75862UP〈A Study of the Relationship among R&D investment, Patent innovation and Enterprise Value: An Empirical Research of Smart Grid Industry in Taiwan〉

  • 研究編號:E-85015EK〈The Critical Quality Attributes of the New Product Development Model〉

  • 研究編號:J-50267MO〈A Review of Customer Power, Strategic Investment, and the Failure of Leading Firms.〉

  • 研究編號:D-45982SD〈A Review of Organizing for innovation: When is virtual virtuous? 〉

 

肯亞

非洲最大的貧民區正位於肯亞,包括Kalyaba、Njenga和LungaLunga,高危治安、愛滋病、毒品、搶劫等暴力事件讓困境雪上加霜。貨民區愛港死亡率極高,導致孤兒超過肯亞人口的四分之一。我們參與在地基金會KAMANEH志願服務,該組織自1997年成立,透過深耕貨民社區據點的方式,以民眾可負携之醫療保健服務,預防懷孕、分娩的併發癞,改普孕婦及新生兄的健康,致力降低愛淡病毒褒延、降低肯亞母要的死亡率。
The Kenya Association for Maternal & Neonatal Health- KAMANEH is a local founded and not for proft Non--Governmental Organization (NGO) registered on 25th September, 1997 under the NGOs Coordination Act. KAMANEH' s mandate is to identifly, address, and prevent complications that arise during pregnancy, labor, delivery, and postpartum periods,and thus ultimately decreasing maternal, infant and child mortality rates in Kenya. Our Vision: Communities where pregnant women, mothers, newborns, children, and ado--lescents have to survive, thrive and realize their greatest potential, and access to quality andaffordable health care services, including preventive health and information.
Our Mission: To save and improve the lives of pregnant women, mothers, babies, children and adolescents in urban slums and remote communities in Kenya.

迦納 
 

迦納是非洲歷史相當悠久的國家,立國於一千多年前,位於上西部的Sissaa更擁有豐富的歷史文化,由五個不同的部落組成,分類為Kanssena-Isala語言群:Sissala與密切聯盟的Tampolense和Vagala, Awuna或Fera以及Kasena. 珍貴的非物質文化遺產,卻因現代化發展而逐漸被遺忘,我們參與2009年成立的Sissala Heritage Foundation (SHF)志願服務,盼促進文化產業、凝聚社區共識、提升技能開發及建設和平之工作。

Sissala Heritage Foundation (SHF) is a Ghanaian NGO based in Tumu. Established in February 2009, the Sissala Heritage Foundation is the focal point and coordinator within Ghana for all matters related to Sissala heritage and development. SHF seeks to encourage the mainstreaming of Sissala culture into development programmes and activities of the Sissala people.Research, conservation of cultural heritage, advocacy, campaign, cultural industries,livelihoods, skills development, cultural education, health promotion, peacebuilding and environmental conservation

烏干達

非洲開發銀行2014年的報告,烏干達的青年失業率估高達83%,是非洲青年失業率最高的國家。消滅貧窮(eradicate poverty)更是國家發展首宗要件,如何脫貧成為關鍵挑戰,許多窮人需要的不只是資源,更需要善用資源的知識。
我們參與當地組鐵ASASS志願服務,推動「鄉村貸款和儲蓄國體」(VLSG)系列計畫,通過小額信貸、培訓合作社來確保可持續生計,為貧射線下的家庭創造收入,尤其幫助家暴受害者、瀕危青年、難民寡婦和殘疾人士。同時建造社區發展中心(CDC)讓居民學習栽链、烹飪、手工品、種植農作物、創建產品與銷售技能,定制培訓課程及法律援助,以提高就業率、降低社會治安危機。
Village Loans and Saving Groups (VLSGs), is one of the top priority programs of ASASS in its operational communities to ensure a Sustainable Livelihoods through Micro Credits and Saving Services and Training cooperatives for their members, the VLS Cooperative will give the families living at the poor levels, a sustainable mean for earning income to better live dignified living conditions by providing micro-loans to start micro-business activities to generate income and also do agribusiness for addressing issues on foods insecurity, self--sustainability as we also address social, economic, and environmental, trees planting, nutrition intake, and ICT gaps in their communities. Through VLSGs program of ASASS empowers adults on the Credits Union value, through alphabetization and entrepreneurship skills needed for people who need the foundation for their life. We offer families who have children with ages to go to school, with the technical assistance in building small businesses.
Community Development Centre (CDC) in Buterere and in Murengeza districts of Burundi empowers families and their children. The trained groups run the center, promote income Ugand generation activities, a touristic site development initiative construction. They undertook the business of selling foods, rice, and other small activities. The young people and ladies lean skills in culinary arts and hotel monument skills in local centers. 90 guardian families in Murengeza (Mpanda Commune) and in Buterere (Bujumbura Province), were trained in caring for orphans. Each family adopts 3 children and they learn how to grow foods (rice, cabbage, fruits, and vegetables), and management of a restaurant venture.

阿塞拜疆 

阿塞拜疆地處大高加索山脈以南,有豐富的天然資源,在歷史上有過多次與亞美尼亞人間的種族清洗戰爭,並因蘇聯解體而導致政經勁亂,現代雖因石油開採重振國家經濟,然而在發展的背后,資源份配不均,使得許多年輕人對未來感到待徨。我們參與歐亞聯盟基金會(EPF)志願服務,推勁「夢想實驗室」(Dream Lab),促進弱勢群體的社會經濟機利,提供個別諾詢、社會網絡、培訓計盡、導師制度、講座活勁、資助計盡等方式,引領積極楚革,共同改變社會。

Baku Dream Lab is a program of Dream Lab LLC implemented in collaboration with the Eurasia Partnership Foundation, Azerbaljan and supported by the Government Offices of Sweden. The main goal of Baku Dream Lab is to create a better environment for youth-led initiatives that have a strong social impact component. The Lab does so by strengthening the capacity of existing initiatives and supporting the establishment of new ones, by stimulating networking among initiatives, and by promoting the work of youth initiatives among Bakur esidents. Members of youth--led civic initiatives that joined the Lab Network can access meeting and office space, participate in training programs, hold their events at the Lab, receive individual consultations, and apply for small scale seed funds.

In addition to supporting youth initiatives, Baku Dream Lab aspires to build a broader community of young, talented, and socially conscious Bakuvians who do not sit and wait for positive change to come  they lead the positive change themselves! The Lab functions as a combination of: community- a network of socially minded young people and their supporters, space- a collaborative office space and venue for events and meetings, and content- public and targeted programs, lectures, and events designed to support positive change in the city.

奈及利亞

在奈及利亞,有5700萬人無法獲得安全、乾淨的水資源,導致女性處境更加弱势,大量時間折騰汲水,追論受教育及就業,整體健康不佳、教育水平低,就業楼會差,陷入货窮的惡性循環。

我們参與當地組織Public Health Aid, Awareness & Education Organization (Phaae)志願服務,在弱势社區的學校、流離失所的警地,提供水龍頭、廁所、清潔貯水等輔助設備,倡導潔手習慣、經期衛生、農村保健等安全策略,實現社區主導全面衛生(CLTS),以保障婦女在健康無疾病的條件中,進而降低不平等差距。

In Nigeria, 57 Million People do not have access to safe, clean water. Unsafe Water and lack of sanitation trap women and girls in a circle of ill health, poor education, poor career opportunities, overall poverty and even early death.Collecting water makes it difficult for girls to attend school and work, and this holds women back from achieving what they want from life. Poor sanitation makes adolescent girls and women' s lives fraught with dangers ranging from being attacked whilst using unsafe outdoor toilets to dying from childbirth--related infections caused by poor hygiene.Lack of water and basic sanitation facilties have made menstrual hygiene management difficult, thereby making adolescent girls in school ages stay away from school during their period.

PHAAE team are staunch campaigners for sustainable change and thereby recruits and trains health and hygiene promotion volunteers, also builds the skills and knowledge of local people through education and communication programmes, empower elementary school children on handwashing best practices and good hygiene behaviour, because believe Children are strong agents of change.In terms of the aids PHAAE gives, we deliver water taps and toilets to communities and schools in desperate need.

From being attacked whilst using unsafe outdoor toilets to dying from childbirth-related infections caused by poor hygiene.Lack of water and basic sanitation facilities have made menstrual hygiene management difficult, thereby making adolescent girls in school ages stay away from school during their period.

PHAAE team are staunch campaigners for sustainable change and thereby recruits and trains health and hygiene promotion volunteers, also builds the skills and knowledge of local people through education and communication programmes, empower elementary school children on handwashing best practices and good hygiene behaviour, because believe Children are strong agents of change.In terms of the aids PHAAE gives, we deliver water taps and tollets to communities and schools in desperate need.

研究編號:Y-64267SC〈川普經濟學─美國貿易新政對台灣影響〉Trump economics. The impact of American trade on Taiwan

全球最大的經濟戰場是貿易戰,經濟部統計,2016年台灣對美出口335.23億美元,佔整體出口比重11.96%;同期自美國進口285.97億美元,佔整體進口比重12.4%,美國的進出口皆為台灣第三大重要市場。美國是全球最大的貿易進口國,隨著川普上任的兩大政策,透過擴大基礎建設支出,以及談判調降企業稅率等政策,企圖將經濟推向另一高峰。
全球經濟正經歷第二波的全球化浪潮,因為互聯網技術提升、通訊成本下降,可拆分製造業的流程,讓多方區域的生產合作達到共利模式。台灣在台美貿易暨投資架構協定(TIFA)的基礎下,如何轉移經營版圖以降低關稅衝擊,繼而加強多邊貿易協定,強化台美關係,重塑思維,由原先的製造投資思維轉向為創新驅動思維,整合硬體、軟體與服務整合輸出,開拓全球市場。


The global economy is the biggest trade war battlefield, according to the Ministry of economic statistics, 2016 Taiwan exports to the U.S. $33 billion 523 million, the overall proportion of exports accounted for 11.96%; imports from the United States over the same period of $28 billion 597 million, accounted for the overall proportion of imported 12.4% U.S. import and export are third important market in Taiwan. The United States is the world's largest import country, with Trump two policy, through the expansion of infrastructure spending, and lowered the corporate tax rate negotiation policy, in an attempt to push the economy into another peak.
The global economy is experiencing a second wave of globalization. Because of the upgrading of Internet technology and the reduction of communication costs, the process of manufacturing industry can be split, so that cooperation between regions can be achieved in a common profit mode. On the basis of the TIFA, how can Taiwan move its territory in order to reduce the impact of tariffs and strengthen multilateral trade agreements?. Strengthen Taiwan US relations, reshape thinking, from the original manufacturing investment thinking to innovation driven thinking. Integrate hardware, software and services to integrate output and develop global markets.

研究編號:E-55318EU〈從聯合國永續發展目標(SDGs)看台灣未來十年〉 
 

2000年聯合國高峰會通過「千禧年發展目標」(Millennium Development Goals, MDGs ),期盼在15年內實現八大目標;消滅貧窮饑餓、普及基礎教育、促進兩性平等、降低兒童死亡率、提升產婦的保健、對抗病毒、確保環境永續、全球夥伴關係。進而於2015 年 9 月,世界各國在聯合國會議上通過了 2030 年永續發展議程,該議程涵蓋 17 個永續發展目標(Sustainable Development Goals ,SDGs),整合社會、經濟、環境三大框架提出新的五大元素,並強調目標整合的相互關係,希望致力於消除貧窮同時,需實施促進經濟增長、滿足教育、衛生、社會保護和就業機會等社會需求,並對應氣候行動和環境保護的面向。面對世界潮流趨勢,台灣不能置身事外,共同採取行動,促進繁榮並保護地球

On 1 January 2016, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development — adopted by world leaders in September 2015 at an historic UN Summit — officially came into force. Over the next fifteen years, with these new Goals that universally apply to all, countries will mobilize efforts to end all forms of poverty, fight inequalities and tackle climate change, while ensuring that no one is left behind.The SDGs, also known as Global Goals, build on the success of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and aim to go further to end all forms of poverty. The new Goals are unique in that they call for action by all countries, poor, rich and middle-income to promote prosperity while protecting the planet. They recognize that ending poverty must go hand-in-hand with strategies that build economic growth and addresses a range of social needs including education, health, social protection, and job opportunities, while tackling climate change and environmental protection.
While the SDGs are not legally binding, governments are expected to take ownership and establish national frameworks for the achievement of the 17 Goals. Countries have the primary responsibility for follow-up and review of the progress made in implementing the Goals, which will require quality, accessible and timely data collection. Regional follow-up and review will be based on national-level analyses and contribute to follow-up and review at the global level.

 

研究編號:H-32158RD〈從三螺旋觀點探討大學機構與創新擴散之關聯─瑞典、新加坡與台灣技轉中心之比較〉

Etzkowitz(1997) 提出三螺旋模型(triple helix model),用以解釋大學、產業和政府三者間在知識經濟時代的新關係。世界各國積極將大學研發能量轉化為產業及國家競爭力,透過合作研究、人員交流、專利共享、設備購買等形式管道之互動,使產官學間發展出密切的合作關係,技術移轉的成敗影響產業升級與經濟的發展,如何有效將大學機構研究創新擴散到產業界及國家發展中,成為一大重要課題。
本研究將以大學研究成果移轉所獲得的收入做為績效指標,探討政府的各項法令制度、輔導或獎勵措施對於大學成果擴散效益的影響,並分析大學技轉中心的個案,瞭解與比較各國之間專家派遣制度、區域性技轉中心的運作方式,以及技轉人員培訓制度等差異。
除了歸納國內外文獻分析瑞典、新加玻在大學研究成果擴散效益之外,並透過問卷調查訪問台灣技轉中心推廣主管,以瞭解實務運作成果,進一步研究「研究人力」、「研究經費」以及「產學關係」、「政府措施」等構念探究對於「研究產出」以及成果推廣所產生的「擴散效益」之關聯。 


Etzkowitz (1997) proposes the triple helix model to explain the new relationship between universities, industry and government in the era of knowledge economy. All countries in the world have actively transformed the university's research and development energy into industry and national competitiveness. Through the interaction of cooperative research, personnel exchange, patent sharing, and equipment purchase, various forms of cooperation have been developed between the academia and government. The success or failure of technology transfer affects industrial upgrading and economic development. How to effectively diffuse research and innovation in university institutions into industries and national development has become a major issue.
In this study, we will use the income from the transfer of university research results as a performance indicator to explore the impact of government decrees, guidance or incentives on the diffusion of university outcomes. Then analyze the case of university technology transfer center to understand and compare the dispatch system among experts in different countries, the operation mode of regional technology transfer center, and the differences of training system for technical transfer personnel.
Through inductive literature analysis of the diffusion benefits of Swedish and Singapore research results in universities, we visited Taiwan Technology Promotion Center supervisors through questionnaires to understand the operational achievements and further study of "research manpower", "research funding" and " Relationship "," government measures "and other constructive inquiry into the relationship between" research output "and" diffusion benefits "arising from the promotion of results. 

 

研究編號:D-19057FS〈創新創業之國─從以色列經濟奇蹟看台灣〉The country of innovation and entrepreneurship -- Israel's economic miracle 

以色列人口840萬,面積只有台灣三分之二大,缺乏天然資源、四周強敵環繞, 以科技立國,在美國那斯達克(Nasdaq) 有超過50家公開上市的公司,總市值超過百億美元,〈The Global Innovation Index〉報告指出,以色列在研究發展、研發支出、創業聯結等指標中皆獲全球第一,以色列能,台灣如何借鏡?
本文探討以色列如何透過稅收改革方案、天使投資法減免等法規鼓勵創新,研究其工業研發中心的資助條件如何促進技術研發、建構產學合作平台,以及國家創投如何吸引大量海外創投基金,分析法規技術、市場資金及人才培育等面向,放眼以色列、立足台灣,共促國家創新競爭力。


Israel has a population of 8 million 400 thousand people, and the land area is Taiwan's 2/3 countries, the lack of natural resources, and surrounded by the enemy. The country has established itself in science and technology, with more than 50 publicly listed companies in Nasdaq, with a total market capitalization of more than $10 billion.
"The Global Innovation Index" report pointed out that Israel in the research, development, R & D spending, entrepreneurship and other indicators are among the world's first.
This paper explores how Israel can encourage innovation through tax reform programmes, angel investment laws, exemptions and other laws. What are the funding conditions for industrial research and development centers to promote technology research and development, to build a platform for industrial university cooperation, and how to attract a large number of overseas venture capital funds?. We analyze legislation, technology, market funding and talent development, and then consider the next step in Taiwan.

 

研究編號:J-21238HS〈美國總統布希、柯林頓、歐巴馬與川普之美中兩岸政策對台之影響〉

〈The effect of the U.S. president Buch, Clinton and Obama’s cross-strait policy to Taiwan〉
本文主要探討美國歷任三屆總統對台灣的政策轉變,布希總統主政四年間,採取雙軌兩岸政策,平穩的現實主義,扮演兩岸平衡者角色,柯林頓八年期間初期對中國採取過度的理想主義,接著與中國全面來往的政策,第二任期則更接近中國,指出「三不政策」,當時台灣政府提出的兩國論也讓兩岸陷入緊張關係。歐巴馬則以全球的戰略佈局考量,上任後遇到內部的金融危機,因此維持台灣大陸的和平現況,比較分析美國作為兩岸平衡的角色,如何有利兩岸互動與對話。

To investigate policy change during former and present president of the U.S., as president Bush adopted the double track policy to maintain the balance between China and Taiwan, and president Clinton adopted idealism policy and had no limitation on interaction with both sides, while president Obama adopts global strategy, to compare and analyze the roles of America in balancing cross-strait.

 

研究編號:K-30804FD〈小泉與安倍政府之台日經貿合作關係比較〉〈Comparisons on the economic and trade collaboration and relationship between Japan and Taiwan under administration of Japanese prime ministers Koizumi and Abe〉 

2005年「美日二加二聲明」後,亞太局勢發生重大變化,中國崛起帶來的諸多不確定因素,影響亞太政經環境的變化。日本前後任的首相小泉純一郎與安倍晉三,在自民黨內屬同一派系,具有極右派的價值觀,比較研究分析,小泉與安倍政府,對於台灣的政策決策過程中有何差異與應對。如何建立日台雙方的互信機制,在重大事件中的決策過程與態度。

The prime ministers of Japan: Koizumi Junichiro and Abe Shinzo, who are in the same faction in LDP and share the same Far Right values, to compare and investigate their policy differences to Taiwan, therefore establish mutual trust system and the decision procedure in major events.

 

研究編號:L-21238YD〈臺灣總體經濟受油電雙漲之影響程度分析〉〈Analysis on the impact of higher gas and electricity rates on Taiwan macroeconomics〉

各大產業都與油電價格密切關連,其價格上漲不僅影響物價,更對台灣經濟表現造成衝擊,油電雙漲導致萬物皆漲、民怨四起,研究指出,油價漲一成,使台灣消費者物價指數(CPI)增加0.357%,國內生產毛額(GDP)成長率降低0.26個百分點。研究2008年第一季到2014年的四季,以國際油價、貨幣利率、CIP、失業率等模型進行驗證分析,研究油價與CPI、WPI和失業率、通貨膨脹之間的關係,同時探討高度仰賴油電之產業新的因應策略,以提高生產力創造新的契機。

Higher gas and electricity rates lead to inflation rate increase, Taiwan is roiling with discontent. The study started from 1st season of 2008 until 4th season of 2014, analysis and examination with modelling of international fuel price, currency interest, CIP and unemployment rate, to figure out relative policies in industies with highly dependence on fuel, therefore create new possibilities and chances.

 

研究編號:F-32158SD〈高科技中小企業創新策略、成功關鍵與績效關聯之探討〉
〈Investigation on hi-tech SME innovation strategies, keys to success and connections of performances〉
 

世界經濟論壇(WEF)指出「全球競爭力指標」由三大類指標組成,涵蓋基本需要、效率增強及創新因素等。產業國際化的潮流下,資本結構急速的變遷,台灣高科技中小企業的代工地位逐漸被他國取代,面臨他國的成本競爭、區域經貿整合等變革,中小企業的處境比以往更為艱困。如何進行創新研究,以全球化的思維提升創新能力、掌握核心資源,為企業創造更大的價值,成為關鍵課題。分析高科技中小企業創新研究的策略管理,探究國內、外有關企業創新、衡量績效因子及台灣高科技中小企業創新研究發展趨勢、實證研究與相關文獻。建構創新過程中帶來成功的關鍵因素,評選出高科技中小企業創新其主要關鍵因子。以層級分析法,針對確定的層級架構之影響因素,提供高科技中小企業,在未來創新相關策略與政策上擬定參考。

In the trend of globalization, while facing changes in cost competition, regional economy and trade integration, the environment becomes tougher for SMEs. To investigate on domestic and international industrial innovation, and to evaluate on the performance and innovation development tendency, therefore build up the key elements to success, and to provide innovative strategies and policy references in future.

 

研究編號:U-73058EI《愛無國界─台灣國際人道救援發展之策略》Research on the development of international humanitarian relief in Taiwan

「人道救援」指基於人道主義,在出現人道危機、遭遇災害或社會呈現失序狀態時,給予受難者相關援助,例如:災難救助、食物救援、醫療資源補給等,協助他們脫離困境或重建家園。自二次世界大戰結束後,「人權」開始成了重要且受重視的普世價值,發展至今除讓「人道救援」有舉足輕重的地位外,更遍及世界各地,幫助更多需要救助的人。
近數十年來台灣政府為拓展對外關係,積極進行諸多援外工作,然而無論何種「外援」,都需動用到人民繳納的稅款作為預算。近期由於受「斷交」事件影響,使政府在這塊相關議題上受到關注,當中也產生許多反對聲浪,更以「金援外交」或「凱子外交」批評政府作為。
因此,本文藉由研究與瞭解近年來台灣政府在國際援助上的發展與實踐歷程,探討政府援外工作策略與國際連結之效益,包括現今與未來國際趨勢的轉變與影響,以及面臨的窘境與挑戰,對研究策略與未來努力方向提供相關建議,展望政府在援外工作的作法上能得到創新與突破,同時也呼籲大眾應深入瞭解與重視台灣與國際合作之必要性,成為台灣在外交上堅強的後盾,使台灣即使面對諸多挑戰也能持續邁向更開拓的國際空間,繼續為世界的安全與和平付出。

"Humanitarian Relief" refers to the assistance given to victims in the event of a humanitarian crisis, disaster or social disorder. In recent decades, the Taiwan government has actively carried out many foreign aid work in order to expand its foreign relations. However, no matter what kind of "foreign aid", it is necessary to use the tax paid by the people as a budget.
By studying and understanding the development and practice of the Taiwan government in international aid in recent years, this paper explores the benefits of government foreign aid work strategies and international links, including the transformation and impact of current and future international trends, as well as the dilemmas and challenges faced. The research strategy and future efforts provide relevant suggestions. Looking forward to the government's innovation and breakthrough in the practice of foreign aid work, it also calls on the public to understand and attach importance to the necessity of Taiwan and international cooperation, and become Taiwan's diplomatic strong backing. Even if Taiwan faces many challenges, it can continue to move toward a more open international space and continue to contribute to the security and peace of the world. 

 

研究編號:S-18970HK〈勇往職前─台灣原住民就業困境之研究〉

近二十年來,台灣原住民在就業與教育條件上雖有改善,但與整體台灣社會相比還是有落差存在。據行政院原住民族委員會統計,107年3月原住民失業率為3.91%,相較106年12月的3.88%上升0.03個百分點,而與全體民眾失業率3.66%相比則差距0.25個百分點。由上述可知,儘管原住民就業問題一直是政府施政重點之一,或是報告指出兩者間失業率差距逐年趨近,原住民在失業率上還是存有無法與全體民眾水準相當的問題,在職業地位與收入上也有明顯落差,且隨時面臨工作機會流失或被取代之風險。
由於原住民多屬從事製造業、營建工程業等勞力密集度高的工作,因此容易受到經濟環境與政策影響,例如:一例一休、基本工資調漲、外籍勞工引進或面臨產業歇業、工廠外移到中國與東南亞等地……導致都會地區的工作機會大量消失,使原住民成為台灣經濟體制轉型上最大的受害者。而教育程度偏低的原住民也因學歷、技能與溝通上的限制,在職業選擇上相當有限,儘管近幾年政府陸續推動多項就業方案與發展計畫,例如:《原住民族工作權保障法》的「比例進用」原則,來因應原住民的就業需求,但以長期觀看,恐怕仍無助於技能上的累積,無法有效幫助他們真正脫離再次面臨失業的惡性循環。
因此,本研究首先藉由瞭解原住民從事工作之型態與特性,統整原住民在就業與失業上所遇到的問題,並針對政府推動的就業輔導方案進行優劣分析,提出相關改善建議,落實提升就業品質與技能訓練,讓原住民在未來產業結構上有永續發展之效果與保障,而非一再因短期救急式政策落入惡性循環中。

In the past two decades, Taiwan’s aborigines have improved their employment and education conditions, but there is still a gap between them and the overall Taiwan society. Because the aborigines are mostly engaged in labor-intensive work such as manufacturing and construction engineering, they are vulnerable to economic environment and policies. Indigenous people with low education levels are also limited in their career choices due to academic qualifications, skills and communication restrictions, although in recent years the government has promoted a number of employment programs and development plans, such as: "Aboriginal work rights protection" The "proportional use" principle of the Law comes to meet the employment needs of the aborigines. However, in the long-term viewing, I am afraid that it will not help the accumulation of skills and will not help them really get rid of the vicious circle of unemployment again.
Therefore, this study firstly understands the problems encountered by the aborigines in employment and unemployment by understanding the patterns and characteristics of the aboriginal work, and analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of the government-driven employment counseling program and proposes relevant improvements. Implementing the improvement of employment quality and skills training will enable the aborigines to have the effect and guarantee of sustainable development in the future industrial structure, rather than repeatedly falling into a vicious circle due to short-term emergency policies.

 

研究編號:Y-25684DY〈中、越、印三國新移民配偶對台灣認同價值之研究〉〈Investigation on the recognition values of new immigrants from China, Vietnam and India〉

2006年台灣總結婚對數中,配偶為外籍配偶佔17%左右,其中以中國、越南、印尼比例最高,本文以質性研究,透過深度訪談,探討新移民配偶落地深根的過程中,其家庭生活狀況、婚姻調適歷程,以及文化認同之建立過程,以及面對溝通困難、陌生環境、社會網絡薄弱等問題時,有何改善之方法,進而對未來新移民政策發展提出建言。

Apply the methods of qualitative research and in-depth interviews, to discuss families of new immigrants, and the process of marriage adjustment and recognition in different culture, how they face the difficulties of communication, unfamiliar environment and weak linkage of social network, therefore come up with strategy suggestion to improve the situation, and to offer advice in the future policy on new immigrants.